Specialized Care for Newborn Infants

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that focuses on the medical care of newborn infants, especially those who are ill or born prematurely. This care is typically provided in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Who Needs Neonatology?

The primary patients in neonatology are newborns who:

  • Are premature
  • Have intrauterine growth restriction
  • Have low birth weight
  • Have birth defects
  • Are critically ill

Types of Care Provided

Neonatologists provide the following care:

  • Diagnose and treat newborns with conditions like breathing disorders, infections, and birth defects.
  • Coordinate and manage medical care for newborns who are premature, critically ill, or need surgery.
  • Ensure proper nutrition for critically ill newborns to promote healing and growth.
  • Stabilize and treat newborns with life-threatening medical problems.
  • Consult with other specialists, including obstetricians, pediatricians, and family physicians, regarding conditions affecting newborn infants.

This specialized care ensures that newborns receive the medical attention they need during their critical early days of life.